Your dryer generates a considerable amount of heat when drying your clothes. This heat must be expelled through an outlet somewhere; otherwise, you risk a fire. If you don’t maintain this appliance properly, including clearing out the lint traps frequently, your dryer may break down, become less efficient, or even cause a fire. Most of the heat within your dryer is vented out of the house through a connected vent and piping extending from the rear of the dryer. There are different material options for different types of dryer vent pipes, and knowing the differences will help you select the right materials for your home.
What are Dryer Vents Used for?
As your dryer generates heat, it needs to push excess air out and away. Without the ability to vent and relieve the excess heat efficiently, the metal inside the dryer would grow too hot and likely burn your clothes. Eventually, this condition can lead to a critical buildup of heat potential for fire. It will also damage the dryer itself, hindering its performance and shortening its service life. For all these reasons, your dryer is an appliance that must have proper ventilation
A dryer vent pipe is used to direct heat out of the dryer. There is an open connection on the rear of the dryer. This is an exhaust port that releases and pushes heat out of the dryer. Without a dryer vent pipe, the heat would simply build up in the rear of the dryer and move throughout the house. This is moist, hot air because it has been exposed to wet clothes and absorbed water.
The expelled air is high in humidity, which could lead to the growth of dangerous mold near the dryer and, eventually, elsewhere in your house. That is the main reason why letting a dryer vent heat into your home is never an option. Once again, it is also a potential fire hazard. That is exactly why the heat needs to be controlled and safely re-directed, which is the role of the dryer vent pipe.
Types and Materials of Dryer Vents
Different types of dryer vent pipe are used for various installations and applications. Essentially all dryer vent pipes are connected to the rear of the dryer and also to an external vent that directs the heat out of the house. Depending on your home’s construction, the way heat is expelled from the house may vary. Some houses have a simple opening on the rear or side of the house where dryer heat is pushed out. Other homes direct this hot, moist, heavy air into insulation or into the HVAC system. Again, your exact needs may depend on the age of your home and its exact configuration.
The connection running from your dryer to the opening for heat release is where your dryer vent pipe comes in. This pipe directs the heat efficiently and ensures that it travels safely from the dryer to its proper exit from your laundry room. If you’re looking to install a new dryer vent pipe, you should definitely know the different material options available to you and what each one accomplishes.
1. Aluminum Foil
Probably the most common type of dryer vent pipe, an aluminum foil design is easy to connect between the dryer and the exit duct. The aluminum foil works like an accordion, giving it the ability to stretch over longer or shorter distances. With this style of piping, you don’t even need a precise measurement when selecting the material.
Please remember that aluminum is the lightest dryer vent, so you need to know whether your dryer manufacturer recommends (or warns against) using this material. You may learn that you must go with another option.
2. Semi-Rigid Metal Ducts
This is another duct type that is commonly made of aluminum. It also features a foil design and is flexible. However, it is stronger and more rigid than the aluminum foil design. This design is used specifically for making a good, stable, reliable connection from the dryer to the wall vent.
Because a semi-rigid metal duct is quite thin and does not shield its surroundings from heat very effectively, it should not be placed inside a wall or in an enclosed space. For a dryer vent pipe that runs through a wall, you will want a different material. This type of vent pipe is an improvement over the aluminum foil duct style, though, in that it is smoother on the inside and therefore doesn’t accumulate as much dust there. This type also lasts longer.
3. Rigid Metal Ducts
If you’re running your dryer vent pipe through a solid wall, you need material that is strong, not floppy or flimsy, and this material must also handle plenty of heat. The rigid metal duct is the optimal piping style for this situation. It is the only duct material that should be used when you are concealing the ductwork within or behind walls
Rigid metal ducts come in either galvanized steel or aluminum. The pipe has a smooth interior to prevent the accumulation of lint and other debris that flows through the dryer vent pipe with the hot air being expelled. It also produces less friction. You may need to assemble this ductwork with elbow joints and corners to create the right path. This process is similar to plumbing in some ways.
4. Plastic and Vinyl Ducts
If you want to go with an option that is similar to the aluminum foil duct but uses a vinyl or plastic exterior instead of a metal foil exterior, this is a possibility. Generally, however, plastic and vinyl dryer vent pipes are not widely recommended, nor are they offered in most home improvement stores. We included this option here primarily so you know what to look for and what to avoid when buying a new dryer vent pipe.
If your home currently uses a plastic or vinyl duct design running from the rear of the dryer to the wall, you should consider replacing it with one of the other types we discuss here. Plastic or vinyl is far more likely to melt from excess heat collecting inside the duct. It also collects more dust than other designs, which increases the chance of a fire.
5. Slim Ducts
There are times where you have little room to work with to install your dryer pipe and ductwork. You may not be able to use the larger foil ducts. In this situation, you’ll need the most compact dryer vent pipe that will do the job well. This is where the slim duct design comes in.
The slim duct design uses aluminum, but it features a far more rigid construction than foil. This allows it to run through tighter spaces. It usually works with smaller dryers that produce moderate heat from moderate use. These designs come in standard sizes from around 27 inches up to about 48 inches.
Considerations When Choosing Dryer Vent Pipe Types
There are several factors you need to consider when shopping around for a new dryer vent. Doing your homework can help you achieve great air flow through the vent while reducing the possibility of fire or other damage.
Running Through Walls
If you’re planning on the dryer vent running through walls, remember that you need to select a rigid metal duct. In fact, this is likely the only vent option you can use in this type of application. Any other vent type will not control the heat sufficiently.
Are you tight on space? If so, you will want to look into the slim duct design. There are several manufacturers of quality slim duct vents. We recommend using one brand of material for the entire connection rather than mixing and matching parts. You want tight, optimal connections to prevent failure, rust, or other problems with your installed vent and piping.
Even if you have sufficient space to install a larger pipe, you may still be able to select the slim duct design if you like the way it looks and fits.
The aluminum foil venting solution is the least expensive option. However, the other options are not much higher in cost, so it is best to go with the design that works best for your home and the one you’re most comfortable with. Whatever you decide, please remember to avoid the plastic and vinyl material options for your pipes because this is simply not a safe, efficient design choice for your home or businesses. If you have one in your home now, we recommend replacing it with a metal type of pipe.
Maintaining the dryer vent pipe inside your house is important. It controls the air flow from your dryer to the outside your house. While it sounds simple, it meets an absolutely critical need. Without a correctly functioning vent, you will face leakage of hot, unhealthy air throughout your house and you may even have a fire risk. Whatever material you decide is best for your home, remember to monitor and inspect your ducts and pipes frequently, performing maintenance or replacement whenever necessary.